Saturn, is the ruler of Capricorn. In Greek Mythology, Cronus was one of the Titans, and the father of Zeus. Cronus ate his children to prevent himself from being dethroned as the King of the Gods. That is, until his wife, Rhea, tricked him into swallowing a stone when Zeus was born.
Saturn’s glyph, or symbol, shows the cross of matter (reality) over the soul, representing the material nature of man reigning. Note that the symbol of Saturn is the symbol of Jupiter inverted!
Saturn takes approximately 2 to 2-1/2 years to transit one sign, and approximately 27-28 years to travel through all twelve signs.
Saturn spends around two and half years in one house of the zodiac sky. Hence the placement of Saturn in your natal chart makes you share certain traits with people belonging to your age group.
Saturn rules the tenth house of profession and career and is lord of the house of Capricorn. Hence Saturn rules your growth in professional life and the hindrances you might encounter on the way. Saturn is a planet that takes care of the restrictions and inhibitions in life. The effects of Saturn are more pronounced when Capricorn is the first house or Ascendant.
In astrology, Saturn is associated with restriction and limitation. Where Jupiter expands, Saturn constricts. Although the themes of Saturn seem depressing, Saturn brings structure and meaning to our world. Saturn knows the limits of time and matter. Saturn reminds us of our boundaries, our responsibilities, and our commitments. It brings definition to our lives. Saturn makes us aware of the need for self-control and of boundaries and our limits.
Saturn is often associated with our fathers or father/authority figures. In childhood, the discipline, rules, and regulations imposed on us by our authority figures–from parents, teachers, and the like–were not always pleasant, but they actually helped us to understand the world around us. Similarly, Saturn’s lessons actually help us to grow.
In the chart, the position of Saturn by sign and house reveals our own limitations, fears, and sense of responsibility. Saturn brings definition, and often limitation, to the planets it aspects.
Saturn is in its exaltation in the sign of Libra; Saturn is in its fall in the sign of Aries (opposite the sign of its exaltation); and Saturn is in its detriment in the sign of Cancer (opposite the ruling sign of Capricorn).